Novator KS-172 | Air-To-Air Missile System
Novator KS-172 | Air-To-Air Missile System

Novator KS-172 | Air-To-Air Missile System

The Novator KS-172, originated from Russia, is an air-to-air missile. Further, the Novator KS-172 designed an AWACS killer. Earlier in the ’90s, it was known with different names including K-100, Izdeliye 172, and many other names. Further, the aircraft’s design took it from 9K37 Buk surface-to-air missile (SAM) but it ceased in the mid-’90s due to the shortening of funds. Yet it started again in 2004 after having a good deal with India. Also, the reason behind India agreed to this deal is that they wanted to manufacture the missiles for their Su-30MKI fighters. In addition, Novator KS-172 is the heaviest air-to-air missile that India ever had. The aircraft range is 400 km. India and Russia have the Novator KS-172 for their forces. The aircraft has a long-range air-to-air missile. Furthermore, the Defense Research and Development Organisation manufactured the aircraft.

Also, read Formidable Arsenal | Indian Defence Avionics.

Specifications of Novator KS-172

Mass748 kg (1,650 lb) ~ KS–172
Length6.01 m (19.7 ft) + 1.4 m (4.6 ft) ~ KS–172
Diameter40 cm (16 in) ~ KS–172
WarheadHE fragmentation ~ KS–172
Warhead Weight50 kg (110 lb)
EngineSolid-propellant tandem rocket booster ~ KS–172
Wingspan61 cm (24 in) ~ KS–172
Operational rangeAt least 200 km, possibly 300–400 km (160–210 nmi)
Flight Altitude3 m (9.8 ft)–30,000 m (98,000 ft) ~ KS–172
Maximum speed4,000 km/h (2,500 mph; 1.1 km/s; Mach 3.3) ~ KS–172
Guidance SystemInertial navigation with midcourse guidance and terminal active radar homing ~ KS–172
Launch platformSu-27, Su-30, Su-35, Su-30MKI and Su-57

Development of Novator KS-172

Usually converted airliners and aircraft including E-3 Sentinels and therefore A-50 ‘Mainstay’ are deploying modern aircraft on airborne Radars. They also rely on similar refuelling, maritime surveillance, recognition and electronic warfare and C4ISTAR aircraft. The loss of only one of these aircraft may have a huge impact on combat capabilities, and fighter escorts are also highly defended. Hence, an air-to-air long-haul rocket provides the chance to put the target down without the fighting screen having to fight. Russia has dedicated substantial resources to this region, given the possible impact of “blinding” Western AWACS.

The R-37 rocket is a further development of its R-33 with an overall distance of 400 kilometres. There have been constant rumours about a 200km air-to-air rocket based on the Kh 31 anti-radar or anti-shipment missile from Zvezda or its derivative in China, the YJ-91. In 1999, the missile was re-emerged as KS-172 as part of a new export-led policy, which would eventually provide the Russian airforce with a variant of foreign investment within a 300-km export model. The missile was again offered on the export market as 172S-1 at the end of 2003. India reportedly invested in the project and also negotiated an agreement to build the “R-172” in March 2004. Hence, in May 2005, Indians said that in a joint venture close to the popular BRAHMOS Cruise Missile. They had finalized “the agreement to finance final production and to license the weapons.”

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Novator KS 172 | Air to air Missiles | Vayu India Aviation

Designs of Novator KS-172

The mockup shown in 1993 was very much like the Buk airframe, but there were several modifications after the Indians were involved. In April 2004, an Indian magazine provided KS-172 with a core length of 6.01 m and a diameter of 40 cm with a wingspan of 61cm, with a 1,4 m booster and an overall weight of 748 kg. Also, it had a rocket solid tandem fuel booster capable of speeds of up to 4,000 kilometres per hour, a 12-g HE fragmentation warhead and flexible fuel. Hence, the development will focus on the search head, autopilot, jamming resistance and a 3D thrust vector control steering system (TVC).

Guidance is provided by inertial navigation before the missile is too close to the target to use effective radar for terminal homing.  A large derivative from the Agat 9B-1103M (Air-to-air missile) used in the R-27 (AA-10 ‘Alamo’) is, therefore, given by the K-100. The Agat designer defines it as ‘one fifth or less of the total spectrum’ as having a lock-on range of 40 km.

Also, read Aero India 2021 | Indian Air Force.

Similar Missiles/Armaments

  • R-37 Missile/AA-X-13/AA –13 Arrow was designed for Sukhoi Su-35 Flanker-E, Sukhoi Su-37 Flanker-F, MiG 1.42 MFI and other fighters in the future, and also has been developed from an R-33 Missile AA-9 Amos. The sector, from 80 marine miles for a straight shot to 215 marine mills for a cruise glide profile depends on the flight profile according to Defense Today.
  • Two versions, the R-37 and the R-37M, Jane’s reports. The latter has a throttle booster which raises the distance to “300-400km.” Hence, the MiG-31BM software to upgrade the Foxhound with new radar and land-attack capabilities may seem to have rebounded work on the missile in late 2006.
  • KH-31 (AS-17, ‘Krypton’) – Furthermore, China has licensed the Russian air to surface missile Kh-31P anti-radar version and can operate on the ‘AWACS killer’ version of its YJ-91 by-product. The Russians say that the Kh-31A, the anti-shipping variant, may be used as an AWACS killer.
  • AIM-54 Phoenix – A 100-mile long missile now in retirement, carrying F-14 Tomcat from the Indian Navy.

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