Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) | ISRO Aerospace
Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) | ISRO Aerospace

Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) | ISRO Aerospace

Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM): The Indian Space Research Organisation ( ISRO), which operates at Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota Island, Andhra Pradesh, has launched the Mars Orbiter Mission on November 5, 2013. It is a Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV). Therefore MOM researched lunar topography, structure, mineralogy and the atmosphere, the first orbital space mission of the Indian Space Research Organisation ( ISRO). The orbit of Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) also enables many chances to see the Phobos Martian Moon.

Hence, the vast distances involved in interplanetary missions pose a challenge, the development and mastery of the technologies required for these missions will provide limitless opportunities for exploration of space. After leaving Earth, 300 days before Mars is captured, the Orbiter is to endure interplanetary space. In addition to deep space communication and navigation guides, the role includes autonomy at the end of a spacecraft to deal with contingencies. By relying on a design from MOM on Chandrayaan- 1, India’s first Moon Sound, ISRO was able to reduce the cost of the project.

Mechanism of satellite of MOM | Vayu India Aviation | Fly Limitless

Vehicle launch

ISRO was able to decrease project costs by depending upon a design by MOM on Chandrayaan-1 – India’s first Moon Sound. The spacecraft did not have the strength to directly drive the 1,350 kg (3,000 pounds), so that it would lift its orbit over four weeks, before it broke off Earth’s weight on December 1 and went to Mars. Since the PSLV could only have a direct flow.


The spacecraft’s instruments are a colour camera, a thermal infrared sensor, an ultraviolet spectrometer to study deuterium and hydrogen in Mars’s upper atmosphere, a mass spectrometer to study neutral particles in the Martian exosphere, and a sensor for methane. (Methane’s presence may indicate, but not necessarily confirm, life.)


Two 230-watt TWTAs and two consistent transponders are involved in contact. Also, a low-gain antenna, a medium-gain antenna and a high-gain antenna are included in the antenna array. The telemetry and monitoring, control and data are also on transmit from and to the Indian Deep Space Network.

The objective behind the mission

The Mission of the Indian Mars Orbiter (MOM), or the Mangalyaan, is the first Red Planet mission of India. Therefore, the mission’s main goal is to establish the technology needed to design, schedule, manage and operate an interplanetary mission. Also, the second goal is to research the surface characteristics, morphology, mineralogy and atmosphere of Mars using indigenous scientific methods. Following major tasks were made to make the mission successful and useful for our nation:

  • Production of orbits and posture (orientation) calculations and observation power systems and protocols
  • Orbital operations to move the spacecraft into the heliocentric orbit, and ultimately to the Martian orbit
  • Both stages of navigation Hold the spaceship in all mission phases
  • Surface characteristics of Mars by observing morphology, topography and mineralogy
  • Research the dynamics of Mars’ upper atmosphere, solar wind and radiation impacts and escape from volatiles into the outside world

The mission would also give several chances of observing Martian Moon Phobos and also of finding and re-estimating the asteroid configurations seen during the martian transmission route.

Mechanism of satellite of MOM-2 | Vayu India Aviation | Fly Limitless


Some of the scientists and engineers involved in the mission were:

  • K Radhakrishnan led as Chairman ISRO.
  • V Kesava Raju: was the Mars Orbiter Mission Director.
  • Mylswamy Annadurai: was the Programme Director and in charge of budget management as well as direction for spacecraft configuration, schedule and resources.
  • Moumita Dutta: was the Project manager of the Mars Orbiter Mission.
  • Nandini Harinath: was the Deputy Operations Director of Navigation.
  • P. Kunhikrishnan: was a Project Director in the PSLV programme. He was also a Mission director of PSLV-C25/Mars Orbiter Mission.
  • BS Kiran: was the Associate Project Director of Flight Dynamics.
  • S Ramakrishnan: was a Director who helped in developing the liquid propulsion system of the PSLV launcher.
  • MYS Prasad: is the Director at Satish Dhawan Space Centre. He was also the Chairman at Launch Authorisation Board.
  • V Koteswara Rao: was ISRO scientific secretary.
  • Chandradathan: was the Director of the Liquid Propulsion System.
  • S. Kiran Kumar: was the Director of the Satellite Application Centre.
  • Ritu Karidhal: was the Deputy Operations Director of Navigation.
  • Subbiah Arunan: was a Project Director at Mars Orbiter Mission.
  • SK Shivakumar: was a Director at the ISRO Satellite Centre. He was also a Project Director for the Deep Space Network.
  • MS Pannirselvam: was the Chief General Manager at the Sriharikota Rocket port and also was tasked to maintain launch schedules.
  • B Jayakumar: was an Associate Project Director at the PSLV programme who was also responsible for testing the rocket systems.

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