MAJOR ISRO LAUNCH PLANS FOR 2021: The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is the space agency of the Government of India. It is located in the city of Bangalore. The aim of this research is “harness space technology for national development while pursuing space science research and planetary exploration.” ISRO has replaced the old Indian Space Science National Committee (INCOSPAR). With Covid-19 induced restrictions, ISRO’s plan the launches for 2020 and other work got the red signal. However, now the work is picking up again. The following article will discuss MAJOR ISRO LAUNCH PLANS might be conducting in 2021:
Chandrayaan 3’s mission is likely to take off towards the end of 2021. It will be India’s second attempt at a soft landing on the moon. Also, the first attempt which was the Chandrayaan-2 mission had made a hard landing in September 2019 on the moon. The new mission will not have an orbiter like the previous mission, however, just like Chandrayaan-2 even Chandrayaan-3 will carry a lander and rover.
Reusable Launch Vehicle
ISRO wanted to launch its two-stage reusable launch vehicle earlier in 2020, however, it is likely to occur now in 2021.
In 2016, ISRO had done the first test of its Reusable Launch Vehicle- Technology Demonstrator. Since the success of the hypersonic flight experiment, ISRO has been planning a landing experiment wherein a helicopter will drop the technology demonstrator and it will land autonomously. Hence, the Indian Air Force will step in to help in this experiment as the demonstrator will be lifted above ground by the Indian Air Force helo. After the release, it will find its way and land in an airfield in Chitradurga district, Karnataka.
X-Ray Polarimetry Satellite
ISRO plans to launch the X-Ray Polarimetry Satellite or XPoSat this year. The purpose of launching this satellite is to be able to measure the polarisation of X-Ray photons from the 50 brightest known celestial sources, like pulsars, galactic cores, etc. Such measurements will help in understanding the nature of their sources. It will be placed in the Low Earth Orbit.
First Launch of the Small Satellite Launch Vehicle
The Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV) was being developed for a few years. It is a three-stage launch platform. Also, it will be able to lift 500 kgs into the Low Earth Orbit and 300 kgs. To the sun-synchronous orbit.
The reasons behind ISRO’s development of the SSLV are:
- Since small satellite launches are few in number, ISRO can capture the market for the same.
- It will also be able to provide launch services on-demand and reduce the turn-around time, which will in turn bring down the launch cost per kilogram.
Amazonia and Commercial Satellites
ISRO will also start the eventful year of 2021 by launching Amazonia, the Brazillian satellite in late February or early March. Therefore, Amazonia is an earth observation satellite and it will be carried by the rocket Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle-C51. The rocket will also carry an advance-earth observation satellite known as Anand, is invent by Pixxel, an Indian start-up. Pixxel is based in Bengaluru.
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