Indian Space Research Organisation | Introduction | Aerospace
Indian Space Research Organisation | Introduction | Aerospace

Indian Space Research Organisation | Introduction | Aerospace

The country has many aspects to the development of the country. One such important aspect is space research. Indian space research organisation, also known as ISRO, created in 1969. The INSAT for communications, television and meteorological facilities and the Industrial Reload Space Sensing (IRS) for the management of natural resources have successfully been installed in two main space satellite systems. Besides all this, many missions have been successful which have made a place in many histories of unremarkable records. The latest among its ambitious activities relate to the space mission. Likewise, the Mars Orbiter Mission which is India’s first interplanetary mission to planet Mars with an orbiter craft. It orbits Mars in an elliptical orbit. Its motive is to explore the nation’s development. It is working for making the nation more reliant and developing satellites, launching Vehicles etc.

ABOUT Indian Space Research Organisation

India agreed to move into space through the government of India in 1962 as the Indian National Space Research Committee (INCOSPAR). INCOSPAR, under the leadership of the visionary Dr Vikram Sarabhai, and therefore established the thumba equatorial rocket launching station (TERLS) in Thiruvananthapuram for top atmospheric research. After identifying the role and importance of space technology for the development of a nation, Vikram Sarabhai gave Indian Space Research Organisation guidance to act as a development agent. ISRO then undertook its mission to offer spatially based services to the Nation. It is to develop technologies independently to achieve them. Over the years, ISRO has retained its commitment to making way for the common man, to support the country. This has since become one of the world’s six largest space companies.

ISRO maintains one of the largest satellite communications fleets (INSAT and IRS) which address the ever-expanding requirement for fast and reliable communication and earth observation. Meanwhile, ISRO produces and provides the Country with unique uses of satellite products and resources: television, networking, weather forecasting, emergency relief equipment, regional systems of intelligence, imaging, navigation, biomedical, satellites of distance learning. The ISRO is going ahead with the production of heavy-lift rockets, ventures on human spaceflights, the creation and deployment of combustible space-use components, semicircular motors, single and two steps to orbit spacecraft, etc.



The 1920s, when scientist, is associate to early space researches in India. K. Mitra has performed several tests that have led to ionosphere sounding in Kolkata using ground-based radio methods. Earlier, Indian scholars such as C.V. The research principles applicable to space sciences come up with by Raman and Meghnad Saha. However, it was after 1945 that significant advances were made in teamwork spatial research in India. Two scientists led spatial research in India: Vikram Sarabhai, the founder of Ahmadabad’s Physical Science Laboratory and Homi Bhabha, who established the Tata Institute in 1945.

Initial experiments in spatial studies included cosmic radiation studies, high altitude and aerial testing and deep underground experimentation, and experimental experimentation in airborne and high-level testing. Also, the study of cosmic irradiation, high-altitude, and high-level testing was the only organization that has specialisation in these technologies in the period at Ordnance’s factories. In 1950, with Bhabha as its director, the Atomic Energy Department was created.

The department financed space research across India. The meteorological and magnetic fields of the Earth, which meant the subject of research in India since the establishment of Colaba observatory in the year 1823. It continued to be tested at that time. The State Observatory of Uttar Pradesh set up on the Himalayan slopes in 1954. Rangpur was established at the University of Osmania in Hyderabad in 1957. The government of India also supported spatial research



The economic development of India has increased space program awareness and operation. With the nation striving to attain greater space technical independence. Also, in 2008, India launched up to eleven satellites, including nine from abroad and becoming the first nation to launch ten satellites on one single rocket. Abdul Kalam announced in July 2012 that ISRO and DRDO are doing work on the production of cost-reducing space access techniques.


The first satellite in India, Aryabhata, make way to space on 19 April 1975 by the Soviet Union with the launch vehicle Cosmos-3 M from Kapustin Yar. This continues by a series of indigenously constructed and launched Rohini experimental satellites. Indian Space Research Organisation flies a significant range of satellites for earth observation.

The INSAT series

INSAT is a network of multipurpose satellites. Furthermore, it got launch by the Indian National Satellite System (INSAT), to fulfil India’s telecommunications, transmits, weather and search and rescue needs. The biggest domestic contact network in the Asia-Pacific world, INSAT installed in 1983. Hence, It is a collaborative undertaking of the Space Department, the Telecommunications Department, India, All India Radio and Doordarshan. It also functions as the joint undertaking. The Secretaries-level INSAT Coordinating Committee shall be responsible for the general planning and administration of the INSAT program.


The IRS series

The Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) satellites are a sequence of ISRO Earth observation satellites. Moreover, the IRS series is the largest remote sensing satellite array for civilian use in use in the world today. And it offers remote sensing services throughout the region. Therefore, all the satellites put in the polar Sun-synchronous orbit and have data in a range of space, spectrum and time resolutions to enable for the execution of many national development-specific programs. The original versions consist of the nomenclature 1 (A, B, C, D). The following models are named after OceanSat, CartoSat, ResourceSat and other systems.

Other satellites

ISRO also launched a number of geostationary experimental satellites called the GSAT series. The satellite was originally named Metsat. In February 2003, it was therefore retitled Kalpana-1 by Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee in memory of Kalpana Chawla. Therefore a NASA Astronaut of Indian descent who died in the Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster. Kalpana-1 is ISRO’s original meteorological-satellite and deployed in a Polar site launch vehicle on September 12th, 2002. On 25 February 2013, ISRO also introduced the Indo-French SARAL. SARAL is a cooperative technology mission (or the “Argos and AltiKa Satellite”).

Therefore, it handles to monitor the surface and levels of the oceans. AltiKa utilizes a spatial range of 2 km and calculates the surface area topography. It is of the oceans with an accuracy of 8 mm, an average of 2.5 km. Also, as of June 2014, in addition to the first Singapore neotropical VELOX-I, Canada’s CAN-X5, Germany’s AISAT rocket. The ISRO deployed a PSLV-C23 launch vehicle in June 2014, French Earth Observation Rocket SPOT-7 (mass 714 kg.). It was the fourth mission of ISRO.

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