Civil aviation in India is estimate to be the third-largest commercial air industry in the world by 2020. It is dated back to 1911 when the first civil aviation trade flight in Allahabad started from a polo field carrying courier to Nain via the Yamuna. Air India is India’s national carrier and plays a significant role in linking India to the rest of the world. The leading players in the sector include Indigo, Spice jet, Air India, Go Air and Vistara. These airlines are serving more than 80 cities in India. Also, even running foreign travel routes after the liberalization of Indian aviation. Let’s talk about History of Indian Aviation ahead.
Then Vs Now
Around 2020, India will become the world’s third-largest civil aviation industry. In 2016, it registered 131 million passengers, 100 million of whom were domestic passengers. Jet Airways, which in 2016 transported 10 million passengers from and to India, led by Air India and AI Express, is the main airline of foreign passenger traffic (8.8 million). The third highest international carrier based in India was Emirates (5,46 million).
History of Civil Aviation
Early history of Indian Aviation in India dates back to 18 February 1911, when, about 6 miles (9.7 km), the first operational Civil Aviation flight to Allahabad took off for Naini. Henri Pequet, a French aviator, took 6,500 mail on an aircraft Humber from the show to the host’s office in Allahabad during the All-Ahabad Show. On 15 October 1932, J.R.D. Tata sent a mail shipment from Karachi to the Juhu airport. It is the world’s first formal airmail operation. His airline later changes its identity into Air India. Also, in 1987, after the fatal crash of Air India Flight 182, the Bureau of Civil Aviation Safety was set up.
As an Associate Carrier of Air India from 1979 through 1983, Pushpaka Aviation conducted international scheduled flights between Bombay and Sharjah. After the government decommissioned civil aviation in 1991, Air Asiatic became the first national private airline to operate in the world. The act was abolished and private airlines may conduct scheduled flight. The government allowed private airlines to run charter and unplanned flights under the ‘Air Taxi’ program. At this time domestic transactions were regulate by private airlines such as Air Sahara, Damania Airways, and NEPC Airlines. In 2006, Air India delivered more than 68 jets ordered from Boeing at $7.5 billion, while Indians put $2.5 billion ordered 43 jets from Airbus in 2005.
IndiGo and others…
Therefore, in 2005, IndiGo reported the largest order of any Asian domestic carrier. The order was for 100 Airbus A320s at its Paris Aeronautics show. The first Indian air carrier to be acquire from Kingfisher Airlines on 15 June 2005 was the airline Airbus A3, the first Indian air carrier. Also, from 2004-2005, nearly half a decade of low-cost airlines joined the Indian industry. Air Deccan, Air Sahara, Kingfisher, SpiceJet, GoAir, Paramount Airways, and IndiGo were big new entrants. But India’s aviation industry has been suffering because of economic recession, growing prices for fuel and operations. In the Indian airline industry that culminated in restructuring, buyouts and discontinuations. In 2007, Jet Airways and Kingfisher Airlines respectively purchased Air Sahara and Air Deccan. Kingfisher shut down in 2012. Also, Paramount Airways ended operations in 2010.
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