The Indian air force which is one of the most modern and 4th largest air force in the world relies on its missiles to have supremacy in the sky. Over the years with the transition in the generations of the fighter jets the missile used are often in transformation. Basically, the missiles used are classified as guided, unguided missiles for a particular reason. Each of the missiles has special roles that can only be used while the scenario itself is projected. Some of the missiles in use have been studied and are important for aspirants. Missiles like Python 5, Kh-59, AS-30, and many more which currently are the asset for the air force. They can destroy the enemies who always try to invade the privacy of our country. Let’s go into the depth of the deadliest missiles used by the Indian Air Force.
Also, read Novator KS-172 | Air-To-Air Missile System.
Deadliest Missiles And Their Purpose
The BrahMos-A is a modification of the airborne version of the 500 km long missile that launches with standoff weapons from a Sukhoi Su-30MKI. Brahmos is one of the deadliest missiles in the world today, jointly via Russia and India. The launch of BrahMos A can be from multiple platforms and, while being the fastest cruise missile, it’s obviously the most powerful missile in the world. Mach 3 speeds or more than 3,700 km/h and an area of five hundred km are available in BrahMos A. It will accomplish land-based objectives and water-based objectives. 40 IAF SU-30MKI shall be amended to be fitted with the missile transport. Brahmos-A will hit targets thousands of kilometres away, says the CEO of BrahMos Aerospace, Sudhir Kumar Mishra, shot from Su-30 aircraft. The first squadron of Su-30MKI fighters furnished with the PJ-10 BrahMos-A missile was in commission in the IAF on 20 January 2020.
Where it comes to the development of warheads, BVRs or missiles capable of reaching ‘Beyond Visual Range’ objectives are the future. Two BVR missiles, the Astra Mk 1 and Astra Mk 2 have been used by the Indian Air Force. The construction and designing of the Astras are entirely indigenous by India to its first air-to-air missiles on its own. Therefore, they will target 10-110 km and are critical for dog struggles and for the defence of enemy aircraft. There are currently two more variants, Astra IR and Astra Mk 3. The Mk 3 has a broader range of targets and the IR is an infrasound-guided or “heat scan” missile. Astra was combined with Sukhoi Su-30MKI from the Indian Air Force and will be integrated in the future with Dassault Mirage 2000, HAL Tejas and Mikoyan MiG-29.
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The Helina is currently being developed as a Nag missile range version. The Nag rockets are fully produced and designed indigenously again. Nag rockets are our only anti-tank rocket arsenal. This is an improved Nag missile variant that can be started from India’s attack helicopters. The new generation of this missile is also known as the Dhruvastra and a guide by an operator remotely. Like most other Nag, it can also launch in a manner that causes the pilot to lock the missile to a target rather than monitor the projectile. Also tested at the written time of this article is another version of the Helina missile, known as the SANT, or the Standoff Anti-tank Guided Missile with an area of 25 km.
Novator KS 172
This is one of the oldest missiles we have, originally built by Russia in the 1980s. This does not mean it’s not fatal, no way. Therefore, on the opposite, it is potentially, and for good cause, one of the major air-to-air missiles we have today. The Russian Air Force and the Indian Air Force also continue to use it. It is 400 km in range and has high speeds above 4,000 km/h. The justification for this contract was also that India needed to make missiles for its Su-30MKI fighters. Furthermore, Novator KS-172 is India’s most heavy air-to-air missiles.
A Hammer AASM recently got recruitment by Dassault Rafale warrior. It is one of the air-to-surface missiles with the most power and is an AASM or air-to-earth modules. A variety of HAMMER models are available. The standard version has an explosive head of 250 kg and a GPS device is featured. The second version has an infrared homing control mechanism or the rudimentarily recognized heat-sensing system. The third edition comes with a more sophisticated, laser-guided aim system, offering better accuracy. The original edition contains a 250-kilogram bomb plus a hybrid inertial navigation system (INS). Infrarot homing or laser guidance may be added to improve precision in other versions. The models with 125 kilograms, 500 kg or 1000 kg bomb bodies are also available.
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Python 4 & Python 5
Designed and constructed by Israel, our air-to-air missiles are based on Python 4 & Python 5. The Python 4 is a 15km high speed, including the lasers and an infrarote system, with a Mach 3.5 speed. Hence, the Python 5 is today the most advanced and capable air-to-air short-range missile with a speed of just under 20 km and is the Mach 4. After launching Python 5 also has the ability to lock to a different target. Therefore, the Pythons in our arsenal, both of which are one of the few “heat-seeking” missiles which can minimize the impact of enemy aircraft flares. It does not mean that the results of flares are totally negated.
The ASRAAM is like the Pythons a “heat search” air-to-air missile weapon. However, the ASRAAMs have a distance of 50 km, and Mach 3 has a high speed. It is mark to be one of the most agile missiles currently in service. Hence, thanks to its longer range and speed, all other big IR deadliest missiles can be executed in the short term. The ASRAAM has a LOAL (lock-on after launch) ability, which is a clear benefit in the internal bay. For example, the F-35 Lightning II. When the missile is carrying. Either the laser proximity fuse or impact triggers ASRAAM’s warhead. A laser proximity fuse was chosen because EW fuses from enemy jammers are vulnerable. The increased diameter of ASRAAM offers more computer control and hence improves counter measurement capacity compared to other dog missiles such as AIM-9X.
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Anti-Radiation Missile NGARM or Rudra-1
The opportunity to see and speak is one of the most important and deadliest missiles/weapons in the fight. The willingness to see and speak is a sure way to make a benefit from your rivals. Hence, India’s DRDO is researching and constructing an indigenous anti-ray missile, capable of deactivating enemy radar and transmitters. The missile is said to be more than 110 kilometres long. Rudram-1 was recently under testing process by the Indian Air Force for the first NGARM iteration. If the missile comes into the IAF then India will be the fourth country to have enemy radar stations and conductors disabled in a field, after America, Russia and Germany.
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